Amanecer was started by a catholic order, the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul in 1981. They were motivated by the increasing number of abandoned children living on the streets of the city as a result of poor economic conditions. Many recently unemployed miners were moving to the city in a generally vain attempt to find work. They live in basic conditions in slums on the edge of the city with high rates of alcoholism and domestic abuse. Their children suffered the most with many being abandoned and others running away from abusive situations.
The protection and defense of the basic rights of children of both sexes that live in the streets of the city. The program is intended to promote their physical, intellectual, spiritual and social development with the aim of eventually reintegrating them into society with increased self-respect and the ability to maintain themselves economically.